Some Spanish verbs are reflexive, meaning they reflect the action back onto the doer.
These reflexive verbs require a reflexive pronoun to indicate that the subject is also the direct object.
What is a reflexive verb?
A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same. A verb whose agent performs an action that is directed at itself.
When creating a reflexive verb construction, you need a subject, a reflexive pronoun, and a reflexive verb.
Learning reflexive verbs
To conjugate a reflexive verb in spanish, the first thing youll have to do is to learn how to conjugate it depending on the subject pronoun. Each subject pronoun has a distinct form. These conjugated forms will work in any tense.
- Yo: me
- Tú: te
- Él, Ella, Usted: se
- Nosotros/as: nos
- Vosotros/as: os
- Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes: se
Now, you should to place the conjugated form in front of the verb, and just conjugate the verb according to the rules of conjugating a verb in the present tense for –ar, -er or –ir types:
Example: aburrirse => aburr + ir + se
- Yo me aburro
- Tú te aburres
- Ella se aburre
- Nosotros nos aburrimos
- Vosotros os aburrís
- Ellos se aburren
Reflexive pronouns work with a reflexive verb to indicate that a person is performing the action toward or for him- or herself. These types of verbs are used frequently in Spanish.
Many actions related to personal care or daily routines are reflexive, but other verbs can be reflexive as well.
Spanish reflexive Verbs list